United States Post Offices, Volume IV - The Northeast

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In addition to the major events that were covered in Bomar's works, Dave has included information and illustrated material from a couple of dozen smaller expostions. The text is also accompanied by hundreds of illustrations, many in full color. Included are more than 50 images of items from the Bomar collection. Bomar's Exposition Exhibit. Nearly 1, GIF images of more than covers and cards: full scans, plus enlarged close-ups of the postmarks, illustrated ads, etc.

Includes his last purchases, which were never exhibited, but many which were surely destined to be added to the frames. This is your chance to see this important exhibit as it was presented, before it was offered for sale, piece by piece. Outside U. Catalog of U. David A.


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Lists ships and cancel types, and includes a scarcity index. This one is a must for all dealers and collectors. The CD has the same contents as the printed version, which contains pages. Richard W. Contains literally thousands of new reports since the original edition was published in The sortable, searchable data bases will allow collectors the ability to customize their Doane listings in a variety of ways and conduct searches to permit identifying partial or hard-to-read cancels.

United States Post Offices Volume 4 the Northeast

This is a must for collectors and dealers alike. Postmarks on Postcards, Revised 2nd Edition. Helbock : This page generously illustrated handbook many in full color is designed to provide both an introduction to all US postmarks of the era and a reference for anyone wishing to learn more about postmarks and postmark collecting. The book has been divided into two sections: the first explores all US postmark types found on cards and covers of the Postcard era; and the second provides details of the ways in which US postmarks are collected.

Each subject is carefully explained and well illustrated, and the discussion includes comments on the market value for each postmark type. The chapter on Machine Cancels includes a simple technique that enables the reader to make a rapid identification of the manufacturer of nearly all machine cancels of the period. Each chapter concludes with an up-to-date list of references that can lead the reader to more detailed information.


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Part II discusses the major ways in which US postmarks are collected. Each chapter contains information on collector organizations and references, as well as lots of illustrations and a basic introduction to the specialty. In addition, this CD-ROM version has been enhanced with a gallery of nearly 1, full-color illustrations of the various sorts of early 20th century postmarks described in the text. Air Mail B. Bentley was also able to take advantage of the franking privileges of relatives working in the Post Office. In she promised to write more frequently now that her brother-in-law James Stabler had become the postmaster of Sandy Spring, near the family estate.

For those without wealth or access to special franking privileges, there was a great temptation to seek a way around the high postal tariffs. In the early decades of the nineteenth century, for example, New Yorkers would pay ship captains to carry letters to the Albany post office, which explains the high number of surviving letters from that period bearing Albany postmarks and New York datelines.

Wealthy customers, business exigencies, franking privileges, and clever subterfuges all contributed to the steady increase in American correspondence between and , but the effects of high letter rates were nonetheless powerful. Compared to Great Britain, as advocates of cheap postage were fond of pointing out in the s, people in the United States hardly mailed letters at all. And when they did, the complex and incremental pricing system tended to reinforce their sense that long-distance communication was for special occasions. The correspondence of the Callaghan siblings, who grew up in Virginia in the early part of the nineteenth century, reveals some of the strain of using the post to maintain family ties under conditions of high geographical mobility.

Though one of the brothers was a postmaster and thus could frank letters , the others were forced to pay high prices to stay in touch with one another as parts of the family moved to Missouri with the westward migration of slaveholders during the antebellum era. Not many of their twenty-five-cent letters between Virginia and Missouri survive, and those that do suggest a modest standard for family correspondence. The following June, Oliver wrote to William again.

Still, the leisurely pace of their correspondence was not unusual in an era when everyone understood that personal letters were luxury items. Under these circumstances, most Americans tended to use the mail, if at all, for shorter distances or special occasions when the high price of sending a letter would mark the significance of the gesture.

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Such a rosy picture of the appeal of letters was possible in ; a decade or two earlier, the tax on letter writing was, for most Americans, prohibitory indeed. Letters were priced beyond the reach of most Americans, not because technological developments had yet to lower the costs of transmitting the mail, but because letters were expected to finance the main business of the post. From its creation, the U. Post Office was committed principally to facilitating the wide circulation of political news, allowing an informed citizenry to live far from the metropolitan centers of government while remaining active in its affairs.

Individual letter-writers, typically merchants, were depended upon to absorb the costs of this political commitment by subsidizing an extremely low rate on newspapers. To later users of the post, the preponderance of newspapers in the mail might appear as a vestige of an antiquated and unjust privilege, but in the early republic the link between the press and the post made perfect sense. To be sure, not everyone shared the view that the only proper function of a post was to circulate printed newspapers and subsidize political communication.

In the early decades of the nineteenth century, many celebrants of the federal postal system, especially from the Northeast, emphasized other and larger applications and implications of widespread use of the mail. As more letters passed in the mails, postal reformers took aim at what they saw as a short-sighted rate policy. This shift in thinking was more than simply a new approach to financing the post or a refusal to prioritize political speech over economic intercourse though it certainly was both of those things.

Proponents of cheap letter rates and mass participation were articulating a new relationship between the post and the state.

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Ancient and medieval posts had been mouthpieces of the state, and well into the modern era governments had used their monopoly over postal transmission to facilitate and legitimate particular types of political speech. Postal reformers envisioned a mail system in which the state simply encouraged and regulated high volumes of unspecified exchange between customers. The American ratification of this new model began in , when Congress revamped the postage scale. Letters would now be charged on the basis of weight at a radically reduced rate of five cents per half ounce for a distance up to three hundred miles and ten cents per half ounce for greater distances.

e-book United States Post Offices, Volume IV - The Northeast

Six years later, the Postal Act of set the basic rate at only five cents for any half-ounce letter traveling up to three thousand miles within the United States, effectively eliminating distance as a determinant of cost. The law also introduced a 40 percent discount for prepaid postage, allowing half-ounce letters to travel virtually throughout the country for three cents.

Four years later, the Post Office began requiring prepayment, and by such payment had to take the form of postage stamps which had been introduced in or stamped envelopes. While lowering and standardizing the costs of sending letters, Congress enacted a series of newspaper rates that were differentiated according to distance and generally raised. Though some of the newspaper provisions were soon rescinded, the major reorientation of the post office had been accomplished.

Guide United States Post Offices, Volume IV - The Northeast

Thereafter, the primary category of mail would consist of letters—a homogeneous class of prepaid correspondence—circulating without restriction within a postal network. Writing a letter had been transformed into a fundamentally affordable activity.

A complete history of the postal reductions of and has yet to be written, and it is not the intention here to provide one. It is worth thinking briefly, however, about the larger historical context in which these reforms took place and the role that cheap postage played in the expanded use of the postal system. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device.

This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. David M. Henkin The OverDrive Read format of this ebook has professional narration that plays while you read in your browser. Post Office Records The Postal Age is a major contribution to American social history and to the history of communications in general. United States Post Offices Volume 4 the Northeast But the limitation of standard definitions of telecommunications is more fundamental.

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United States Post Offices, Volume IV - The Northeast

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